Epoxy Floor Coating Advantages
Epoxy floor coatings offer many advantages when compared to other traditional coatings applied over concrete:
- Creates a shiny high-gloss surface that can significantly increase the brightness of interior areas
- Offers a hard-wearing durable surface able to withstand heavy and continuous traffic
- Quick and easy to install, requiring no layout, cutting additional adhesives, or special tools or equipment
- Durable and easy to clean
- Ideal for warehouses and industrial applications
- Resists oil stains and water
- Creates a seamless surface that can last many years
- Can be combined with paints and colors to mask off chips and cracks
- Provides a chemically resistant surface ideal for manufacturing plants
- Offers enhanced safety when the surface contains anti-slip additives
- Can be applied in different patterns to create visible driveways and/or identify walkable areas
- Prevents wear and tear on existing concrete floors
- May be compatible with self-leveling products that can be applied over new or old concrete, depending on the product
- Requires little or no major maintenance
Benefits of Epoxy Floor Coating
Easy to Clean
No matter what epoxy coating application chosen, the floor surface is very easy to clean. A smooth textured coating can simply be broom swept or air blown to remove dirt and dust. Because of the self-leveling attributes of epoxy, there’s no need to be concerned with dirt and grime building up in small crevices. Mopping is a cinch, or if you have drains installed in the floor, the epoxy floor surface can be sprayed down with a water hose or pressure washer. For big messes, it is safe to use degreasers and other chemicals. Best of all, epoxy floors do not have grout! The non-porous floor surface does not allow oils or other liquids to penetrate the surface or stain, so removal is done very easily.
One of the greatest benefits of epoxy floor coating is durability. Epoxy is a combination of resin mixed with hardeners. Once applied to a textured or porous surface, the epoxy bonds directly to the substrate. The process actually makes the flooring a more durable surface. Think of the epoxy coating as a layer of armor over the floor. This means that the floor can now withstand a greater amount of impact weight. With proper care and maintenance, a professionally installed epoxy floor will last many years without peeling or cracking. Something to note, however… concrete often has a tendency to crack. The cracking can occur for several reasons, such as ground moisture, ground movement, or pure weight. Though an epoxy floor coating will have add a great amount of durability to the surface, it’s important for you to remember the general properties and behavior of concrete.
No other concrete overlay is more attractive than an epoxy floor coating. By now, we’re sure that you have seen businesses with epoxy coatings or visited a friend’s garage who has an epoxy flooring. The truth is that the epoxy floor coatings look really sharp. There are a wide variety of colors and decorative flake patterns that can complement almost any design. Take a peek at some before and after photos to really get an idea of the startling difference that an epoxy coating will make.
A realized benefit of epoxy floor coating is its chemical and stain resistant properties. Gasoline, brake fluid, oil, anti-freeze, or other corrosive chemicals can easily be cleaned without impacting the aesthetics of the flooring. Moreover, the epoxy coating can be routinely exposed to these chemicals and still maintain its color and composure.
Depending on the surface texture that is installed, an epoxy flooring can be slip resistant, as well as heat and fire resistant. Many commercial applications benefit from using the epoxy coating to designate safety zones, safe walkways, or material holding areas. Other commercial applications have used the epoxy flooring to designate vehicle driveways, bay parking outlines, or fork lift tracks in warehouses. The benefits are endless, and the payoffs are priceless.
An epoxy flooring not only provides safety attributes, but another benefit of epoxy floor coating is that it can be incredibly functional. Manufacturing plants use the distinctive attributes of epoxy resin to designate Kan-ban areas and parts inventory. Automotive shops decorate their flooring to specify parts placement, tire placements, and tool locations. Doing so enhances the productivity of the entire shop when everyone knows exactly where things belong. Area designation also helps with cleaning since the floor can be completely cleared, and when everything is put back, the equipment is delivered back to its natural location. Warehouses use epoxy color variations to identify loading zones and shipment staging areas, while restaurants or retail stores may have an epoxy coating applied to coincide with the abeyance or theme they are working to convey. In hospitals, epoxy floors are also a sanitary safe flooring option.
Compared to other flooring options, an epoxy coating is a far more cost effective benefit. Standard unfinished concrete (for most places an epoxy floor would be applicable) is probably the cheapest way to go in terms of the initial investment. However, depending on the establishment, concrete can be tireless to maintain due to the need to remove stains, chemical abrasions, floor mats, water sealants, potential accidents, and so on. If you take it up a notch and paint the floor, another level of maintenance has been added; you’d probably be better off leaving it as exposed concrete. Tile or wood floors are also a really nice touch, but the initial investment can be costly. There is also no comparison between the durability and longevity that an epoxy coating has compared to tile or wood floors. With an epoxy flooring, there is no grout, no broken tiles, no chipped or broken wood slats, no sealers needed, and no waxes or polishing required. Epoxy floors are dollar-for-dollar the greatest value for the money.
Customers find great fulfillment in seeing how quickly they can reap the benefits of epoxy floor coating. The process of applying an epoxy floor occurs very quickly, which means that commercial or residential floor space can suffer little disruption. The size of the floor will certainly determine the amount of time that an epoxy application will take. Color variations can also slightly extend the application period.
A smooth textured epoxy coating will often be shiny or reflective. Solid colors are generally more useful for brightening, with white obviously being the most popular for adding the highest reflective light to a room. In some applications, brightness will help provide more light adding to the safety of the environment. For others, the sheen is an easy way to detect debris, spills, dried liquids, or unwelcome objects or pests. Other brightness benefits of epoxy coatings can be for pure aesthetics and how the room makes someone feel when walking into it.
As you may have read above, the greatest benefit of epoxy floor coating is the versatility of applications. There are numerous success stories from commercial epoxy applications like: restaurants, warehouses, manufacturing,, hospitals, hotels, retail centers, auto body shops, auto mechanic shops, grocery stores, department stores, aircraft hangers and the list goes on. Residential application have included: game rooms, kitchens, hallways, laundry rooms, garages, storage sheds, barns, and personal aircraft or watercraft storage.
Epoxy resin chemical formula
Epoxy resins are low molecular weight pre-polymers or higher molecular weight polymers which normally contain at least two epoxide groups. The epoxide group is also sometimes referred to as a glycidyl or oxirane group.
A wide range of epoxy resins are produced industrially. The raw materials for epoxy resin production are today largely petroleum derived, although some plant derived sources are now becoming commercially available (e.g. plant derived glycerol used to make epichlorohydrin).
Epoxy resins are polymeric or semi-polymeric materials or an oligomer, and as such rarely exist as pure substances, since variable chain length results from the polymerization reaction used to produce them. High purity grades can be produced for certain applications, e.g. using a distillation purification process. One downside of high purity liquid grades is their tendency to form crystalline solids due to their highly regular structure, which then require melting to enable processing.
An important criterion for epoxy resins is the epoxide group content. This is correctly expressed as the specific amount of substance of epoxide groups in the material B under consideration, calculated as the ratio of the amount of substance of epoxide groups in this material B, n(EP), divided by the mass m(B) of the material B under consideration, in this case, the mass of the resin. The SI unit for this quantity is "mol./kg", or multiples thereof. Several deprecated quantities are still in use, including the so-called "epoxide number", which is not a number and should therefore not be referred to as such, but instead is the ratio of the amount of substance of epoxide groups, n(EP), and the mass m(B) of the material B, with the SI unit "mol./kg". The inverse of the epoxide number is called the "epoxide equivalent weight", which is the ratio of the mass of a sample B of the resin and the amount of substance of epoxide groups present in that sample B, with the SI unit "kg/mol.", and is likewise a deprecated quantity.
The specific amount of substance of epoxide groups is used to calculate the mass of co-reactant (hardener) to use when curing epoxy resins. Epoxies are typically cured with stoichiometric or near-stoichiometric quantities of curative to achieve maximum physical properties.
As with other classes of thermoset polymer materials, blending different grades of epoxy resin, as well as use of additives, plasticizers or fillers is common to achieve the desired processing or final properties, or to reduce cost. Use of blending, additives and fillers is often referred to as formulating.
Structure of a cured epoxy glue. The 3-amine hardener is shown in red, the resin in black. The resin's epoxide groups have reacted with the hardener and are not present anymore. The material is highly crosslinked and contains many OH groups, which confer adhesive properties.